ALL THE DETAILS ON THE PROJECT OF THE NEW NATIONAL FORCE
(Haiti Libre) -
In a presentation document of 22 pages (projet), produced by the Commission of Defence and National Security of the presidential cabinet, entitled "Policy of Defence and National Security - The Great Axes", dated August 2011, President Michel Martelly described his project of a Public Force. Lucien Jura, the spokesman of the Head of State said he was unaware of the existence of this document. Reginald Delva, security consultant declared that he would comment later...
The proposition of Government Martelly, of a national force, circulates among the foreign officials in Haiti. Jon Piechowski, spokesman for the U.S. Embassy in Port-au-Prince, confirmed that the Haitian government had recently met with Embassy staff to discuss the project. To be implemented, it will however need to be approved by the Parliament, and have funding, which will probably come from the international community.
The report begins on page 3 stating the position of President Martelly before continuing on to the project description.
"Candidate Martelly had, throughout his campaign, explicitly set his position on the military component of the Police Force. He had stated his willingness, once elected, to restore it, under the Constitution and laws of the Republic, to replace the MINUSTAH and to ensure the defense of territory and border control; to create a safe environment conducive to both domestic and foreign investment; to ensure the protection of the environment, and to lend a hand to the police if necessary.
Now as President, he continues to insist on negotiations to be conducted with the friendly powers of Haiti whose contribution remains necessary for the remobilization of the military component of the Public Force in both its technical training, and its equipment. The President did not fail either to focus on what should be the aim of the new force. He stressed on the necessity for "It" to be a National Army in its conception, apolitical in its operations, defensive in its operations and which has among its ranks professionals (doctors, agronomists, engineers, etc..),and environmental technicians and forest workers who are properly trained. These executives will be the logistic base of the country and the "reserves" of the Public Force for a better response to natural disasters or other hazards threatening the life and property of citizens.
For nearly two decades, globalization has changed the relations between nations and created an interdependence between them almost forced by the movement of goods, information and people to the point that it has caused states to rethink their defensive strategy and security. If now, "Defense and national security" become for the States a global concern that goes beyond the unique military aspect,... for Haiti, the question has some nuances that should be analyzed under the country's geopolitical position (ideal transit point for drug trafficking), its geographical vulnerability (mountainous terrain and hurricanes), ... its defense is oriented primarily around a Public Force, that is necessary to integrate into a broader context,... the "NATIONAL DEFENCE AND SECURITY COUNCIL" (civil protection, intelligence, environment, borders, territorial waters, airspace) and to which we must assign missions development.
From this perspective, it is urgent to complete the Public Force as prescribed in the 1987 Constitution (Article 263 and 264.1) by reactivating its military component in the layout of the new orientation of the missions mentioned above."
Having no hegemony nor enemies in its immediate geographical environment, the public policy of "Defence and national security" of Haiti will be summarized in priority to:
- Protect the population,
- Guarantee the national sovereignty,
- Defend the integrity of the territory by the border control of the airspace and territorial waters,
- Protect the environment against the risks and internal and external threats, whatever their nature.
- Strengthen the system of Civil Protection
In a perspective of integrated operations, the defense strategy seeks to consolidate into a unified structure, the NATIONAL COUNCIL OF DEFENSE AND SECURITY (CNDS), to establish directions for sensitive areas (borders, environment, intelligence, immigration, economy, local authorities, national identification service, customs, UCREF, ULCC, DGI ...) of the national life around the new Public Force as a pivot and enforcement tool, under the control of the HEAD OF STATE.
The institutions that will contribute to implement the policy of defense and security of the nation can be numerous, however the basic institutions remain:
- The Executive Secretariat and the National Council of Defense and Security,
- The Ministry of Defense and Civil Protection,
- The Office of Secretary of State for Public Security,
- The NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE Service (SIN to revitalize)
- The National Police
- The new armed forces.
A.- NATIONAL COUNCIL OF DEFENCE AND SECURITY (CNDS)
The National Council for Defence and Security is a political structure at the top of the state and presided by the Head of State.
It is composed of:
- Prime Minister,
- Minister of Defense,
- Minister of Justice,
- Ministry of Interior
- Minister of Foreign Affairs
- Minister of Economy and Finance
- Or any other person designated by the President
Its management is ensured by a General Secretariat named Executive Secretariat of the Council of National Defense and Security in which are represented on a permanent basis the institutions forming the CNDS.
It is responsible for all matters of national defense and security aspects in their political, environmental, economic, and energy aspects through the fight against terrorism, illegal trafficking of narcotics, illegal immigration, and the planning of responses to crises of all kinds.
B.- MINISTRY OF DEFENCE AND CIVIL PROTECTION
The Ministry of Defence and Civil Protection has the role of:
- Ensure the protection of the territory and population
- Put the human and material resources at the disposal of other ministries (if required or in case of crises)
- Mobilize all possible resources in case of urgent interventions
- Develop programs for risk and disaster management.
Fields of action
The Ministry of National Defense and Civil Protection will intervene in the following areas:
- Intelligence and Counter-intelligence,
- protection of the environment, Strategic Areas and Buildings,
- arms and equipment Control,
- Security and Defense
- Training and Civic Education of young people (Article 52.3 of the Constitution).
C.- OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR PUBLIC SAFETY
The vision for Public Safety was focused since the creation of the position of the Secretary of State for Public Security in 1996 around the issues of the Police. The series of disasters that culminated with the earthquake of January 12 has led to a different orientation in the concept of public safety. Instead of being a tool of repression, the Office of the Secretary of State for Public Security (BSESP) has a mission to work to prevent the vulnerability of citizens in particular, against risks of all kinds: food, health, chemical, pollution, spoliation of goods, public spaces and historic sites...
Now the action areas of public safety extends to:
- Fight against smuggling, vehicle theft, consumption and drug trafficking, human trafficking
- Control of security agencies
- Problem of the deportees
- Respect for ethics and police ethics
- Organized crime and cybercrime
D.- SERVICE D’INTELLIGENCE NATIONALE (SIN)
The fragility of the Haitian state now makes it vulnerable to the risks of internal unrest that could plunge the country into anarchy. In this context, the Haitian government must have adequate tools to prevent these threats rather than get into a defensive posture. The SIN's mission is to seek, gather, process, and archive all the information collected by the different entities to enable senior officials of the state to have an accurate picture of the country's security situation and to take preventive measures against activities that may affect public order and national security.
- Prevent and fight against terrorism
- Prevent and fight against any form of mafia activities and illegal trafficking networks of all kinds;
- Monitor extremist organizations and movements aiming at sowing anarchy in the country;
- Prevent and fight against internal and external threats;
- Fight against cybercrime;
- Monitoring facilities and strategic sites;
E.- HAITIAN NATIONAL POLICE: Reorientation of Mission
- Vetting of police staff
- Redistribution and increase of staff
- Benefits for Police Officers
- Organization of the Intelligence Service of the Police
- Installation of air patrols for the police
- Reorganisation of the Identification Service
- Recycling of specialized units and training of staff of the PNH
- Creation of the Secretariat of CSPN
- Reorganisation of the Service of carrying weapons
- Problematic security companies
F.- THE NEW PUBLIC FORCE
In principle, the Armed Forces represent the means, and the instrument that the Republic has dedicated to the implementation of its policy of national defense and security, and a vector of stability and of development. Away from the hybrid model of the Army demobilized in 1994 with military training in police duties, the New Defence Force Army, under the dominance of the Civil Power, will draw its role in the need to resume the biological link that once united the people to its Army. In this sense the New National Armed Forces will be in its conception, non-political; in its operation, in its defensive procedures, effectively deployed throughout the country, with:
a) a staff available to be mobilized at any time and
b) a social role as a professional springboard for the young
The Army has forged this nation, there is no reason that the Nation continues to exist without it.
- Necessity to replace the MINUSTAH throughout its program of disengagement
- Necessity to create a safe environment conducive to investment
- Necessity to apply Article 52.3 of the Haitian Constitution of 1987 on "mixed compulsory civic service"
- Necessity of training middle managers
- Generalized delinquency, drug trafficking, organized crime, particularly in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince, the only alternative left to these young people who are out of school or are on their own...
- Serve as an instrument of defense and border control of the territory
- Contribute to stability and encourage investment
- Enforce the environmental protection policy of the State
- Provide young Haitians the opportunity to receive a civic education, military discipline with openness to vocational training and university studies
Engage youth, in the development of local communities, learning responsible leadership, prepare them for possible action under the emergency plans and for assistance to the population (cyclone, flood, etc.).
REFLECTIONS ON THE SITUATION OF THE DEMOBILIZED
This problem must be addressed ahead of the creation of the new force. There will be required, among other measures:
- Finalize the problem of compensation for the members of the former armed forces within a reasonable time. SIX HUNDRED MILLION GOURDS (Gourds 600 million) will be sufficient to solve the problem and close this chapter.
- Apply the Decree of 28 December 1987 modified to establishing the right to military pension.
- Establish a legal aid for boarders and retreats.
- Finalize the problems of pension funds and establish the framework of retirement and succession.
- Organic Law of the Ministry of Defense.
- Organic Law of the Directorate of Civil Protection.
- Organic Law of Ministry of Interior and Local Authorities
- Legislation establishing the organization and functioning of the PNH
- Law on the organization of the National Intelligence Service
PLAN OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MILITARY COMPONENT OF THE PUBLIC FORCE(Article 263 of the Constitution)
The implementation plan takes into account the potential contribution of the MINUSTAH for its participation in the training of recruits and the availability of its bases for training and practice. This plan involves the formation of a staff of 3,500 men over a period of three and a half years as the following timeline:
A- SHORT TERM (1-9 months)
1. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE CONCERNING THE DECREE OF 6 JANUARY 1995 AND REHABILITATING THE HAITIAN ARMED FORCES
2. APPOINTMENT OF INTERIM STAFF (ÉTAT–MAJOR)
- Commander in Chief: Lt-General
- Assistant COMMANDER IN CHIEF: General of Brigade
- Inspector General: General of Brigade
- CHEMG : General of Brigade
- G1 (staff) : Colonel
- G2 (intelligence) : Colonel
- G3 (training) : Colonel
- G4 (logistics) : Colonel
- G5 (communication) : Colonel
- Secretary of the General Staff (État-major) : Colonel
- 4 COMMANDERS of Military regions : Colonels
3. Reconstitution of career of military personnel, compensation and publication of the list of retirements.
4. Participation of a multi-sectoral commission in the evaluation process of military personnel suitable for active service. Staff requested: 650 (150 officers and 500 non-commissioned officers)
5. Headquarters of the Military Region of the West and localization of sites for the headquarters of the other military regions to locate
6. Recycling of remobilized military staff
Duration: 6 weeks
Staff : 650 (150 officers + 500 non-commissioned officers (NCO))
Needed contributions : United States, France, Canada, Chile, Brazil, UNDP, MINUSTAH...
7. Recruitment of new military staff (500 troops/enlisted men)
Duration: 6 months
Instructor: Officers and NCOs Haitian (2/3 of the training)
MINUSTAH (1/3 of the training)
The first 500 men commissioned will be divided into two battalions of three companies composed of 85 men each
Taken into the workforce recycled FADH officers and career NCOs, for filling the role
8. Transfer with the budget of the Haitian Navy, the USGPN, the Unity of forest officers and the Office of Demobilized Military under the control of the new force.
9. Release date of the first promotion : six months from the date of recruitment
B- MEDIUM TERM (9-30 months)
1. Activation of other Military Regions
2. Reactivation of Technical Services
3. Reopening of the Military Academy
4. Recycling and recruitment
5. Gradual departure of MINUSTAH troops
C- LONG-TERM (30 to 60 months)
1. Operationalization of the new force with its total of 3,500 men
2. Final departure of the MINUSTAH
TIMETABLE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NEW ARMED FORCES
- Presidential decree reporting the decree of January 6, 1995 and rehabilitating the army
- Appointment of an interim staff (Etat-Major)
- Reconstitution of military careers, compensation of members of former armed forces and a list of retirements
- Participation of a multi-sectoral commission in the process of evaluation of military personnel suitable for active service : desired workforce: 650 (150 officers and 500 NCOs)
- Identification HQ Western Military Region: Ganthier
- Identification HQ North / Northwest / Northeast: Plaine du Nord
- Identification HQ South / Grand Anse / Nippes: axis Camp Perrin / Fond Fred
- Identification Artibonite HQ / Central Plateau Saint-Michel de l'Attalaye
October - 18 November 2011
- Recycling of remobilized military staff
- Starting, of the operations of recruitment of the first 500 soldiers
- Symbolic ceremony to commemorate November 18
November 18, 2011 - January 2012
- Finalization of the recruitment of the first promotion
- Implementation process of military bases for Army, naval bases and airstrips
February 2012 - June 2012
- Start of the formation of the first promotion
- Continuation of the operations of the recruitment process and the implementation of military bases.
June 2012 - July 2012
- Graduation first promotion
- Withdrawal of the MINUSTAH in the Northwest and Assumption by the new armed forces
July 2012 - July 2013
- Recruitment and Training
- Finalization of the implementation process of military bases
- Gradual withdrawal of MINUSTAH
CREATION OF THE NEW FORCE : 2,000,000,000 Gourds or US $ 50,000,000
COMPENSATION OF THE DEMOBILIZED : 600,000,000 Gourds or US $ 15,000,000
CIVIC SERVICE MIXED MANDATORY : 1,200,000,000 Gourds or US $ 30,000,000
TOTAL 4,400,000,000 Gourds or US $ 95,000,000